In the past 30 years, China's urbanization process has advanced rapidly, and 50% of the population has entered the city. However, it is accompanied by extensive development models and certain damage to the ecology.
In order to promote the construction of "beautiful China", "Several Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Further Strengthening the Management of Urban Planning and Construction" proposes that urban repair and organic renewal should be implemented in an orderly manner to solve the environmental quality degradation, spatial disorder, and historical and cultural heritage of the old city. Problems such as damage; formulate and implement ecological restoration work plans, and systematically repair damaged mountains, rivers, wetlands, and vegetation.
In accordance with the central decision-making deployment and related requirements, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development regards “double urban repair” as an important starting point for managing urban diseases and transforming urban development modes, promoting the important tasks of supply-side structural reform, comprehensively deploying, and pushing forward with all efforts. Since the end of last year, the “Guiding Opinions on Strengthening Urban Remediation Work for Ecological Restoration”, “Surrounding Experience of Ecological Restoration in Sanya City” and “Notice on Listing 19 Cities in Fuzhou as Ecological Repair City Pilot Cities” have been issued. After Sanya City became the first pilot city, 19 cities including Fuzhou were listed as the second batch of “city double repair” pilot cities, and comprehensive deployment of ecological restoration, urban remediation work and urban transformation development was carried out.
The relevant person in charge of the Urban and Rural Planning Department said that there are many cities in China, such as natural conditions, development stages, and economic development levels. The task objectives, organization methods, concept methods, project scales, and policy measures of “double urban repair” are not the same. It is necessary to select cities of different natures, sizes and types as pilots, to explore and summarize more “repairable urban” experiences that can be replicated and promoted, to guide learning and learning from all over the world, and to promote the “double repair of cities” according to local conditions.
The “Double City Double Repair” pilot task includes six aspects: exploring and promoting the “urban double repair” organization model, practicing the new ideas and methods of planning and design, first testing the appropriate technology of “city double repair”, and exploring “city double repair” Fund raising and use methods, research and establish a long-term mechanism for “double urban repair”, and study the evaluation criteria for the establishment of “double urban repair”.
"I hope that through the practice and summarization of the pilot cities, the work of 'double urban repairs' will be carried out nationwide." The person in charge introduced the specific objectives of the "double repairs in cities" work. In 2017, cities implemented the "double urban repair" implementation plan. Investigate and evaluate the ecological environment and urban construction, complete the urban design of the important areas of “double urban repair”, and promote a number of “urban double repair” projects with effective, influential and demonstration; in 2020, the “double repair of urban” work has achieved initial success. The environmental quality has been significantly improved, and the features of the style have initially appeared.
Regarding the next step of "double repair of the city", the person in charge said that it is necessary to focus on five aspects of work:
The first is to promote the experience of Sanya. The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development summarized the experience of Sanya's “City Double Repair” as “the leadership personally promoted, adhered to overall coordination, solidly promoted the work, and improved the safeguard measures”. There were 12 aspects, especially the increase of governance and illegal construction, and various ways to raise funds. Funding, focusing on public participation and public opinion guidance.
The second is to focus on the problem. Through investigation and evaluation, comprehensive analysis, identify areas with outstanding ecological problems and urgent need for repair, sort out problems and deficiencies in urban infrastructure, public services, historical and cultural protection, urban style, etc., and determine the scope and focus of “double urban repair”.
The third is to do a good job in planning. All localities should take "urban double repair" as an important task to implement the spirit of the Central City Work Conference. As an important starting point for improving the management level of urban planning and construction, and effectively strengthen organizational leadership. All relevant departments should strengthen division of labor and cooperation, adhere to issues and goal orientation, make overall plans, and comprehensively implement policies to maintain a systematic and holistic work.
The fourth is the refinement of engineering initiatives. Through the formulation of the implementation plan, the project list is established, and the “double repair of the city” is refined into a quantifiable, operational and measurable project. Refine the project arrangement, clarify the construction sequence and completion time, implement the implementation main body, and promote the implementation of the “Urban Double Repair” project by sub-item, phased and shard.
The fifth is to ensure the effectiveness of the work. Adhere to the people-centered development thinking, take the governance effect of “urban disease”, the improvement of infrastructure, the improvement of community function, the effect of environmental landscape restoration, and the satisfaction and sense of acquisition of the people as the basis for evaluating the effectiveness of “double repair” standard.